While modern art might be thought to abandon the classical ideals of ancient sculpture, in the 1920s and 1930s there was a resurgence of classicism within British art and culture as both traditional and modernist artists sought to reassert the enduring values of tranquility and order in an era of great social and political change. In the search for a dignified language for mourning and commemoration following the First World War many artists employed classical symbolism to reference the idealised virtues of Ancient Greece and Rome. This was manifested in a revival of interest in the tradition of mural and tempera paintings depicting classical compositions drawn from mythology and literature. Yet this espousal of classicism was also adopted by avant-garde artists who were to turn away from abstraction and the machine in favour of an idealised classical style, just as the European modernists including Pablo Picasso, Fernard Léger, Giorgio de Chirico and Gino Severini had done in the 1920s.

This exhibition will be the first major exhibition to explore how Modern British artists were drawn to the antique, and the question of how they developed a distinctive form of modern art that referenced the past, whilst also reflecting social and artistic concerns of the 20th century. It will offer a stimulating reassessment of a neglected and significant aspect of Modern British art. The exhibition will be curated by Simon Martin, Artistic Director of Pallant House Gallery, a specialist in the history of Modern British art, whose previous exhibitions and publications have included 'Poets in the Landscape: The Romantic Spirit in British Art' (2007), Edward Burra (2011), 'Conscience and Conflict: British Artists and the Spanish Civil War' (2014)Pallant House Gallery website