Fritsch was born in Wales. From 1958-1964 she studied the harp and piano in Birmingham and then at the Royal Academy of Music in London. In 1968 she joined the ceramics course at the Royal College of Art and gained her MA in 1971.

Her distinctive flattened almost two dimension stoneware works are coil built and carefully smoothed with geometric patterns hand painted in slips dancing like musical notation across the front surfaces. One of her early solo exhibitions was indeed called Pots about Music (Temple Newsam, Leeds, 1978)

In 2000- 2003 she showed, unpatterned, more three dimensional and larger pieces in stoneware such as Drifter (2000) but has since returned to the earlier flatter geometric or ‘optical’ style, refining her technique and mode of decoration over the years. Her pots have a quiet authority and a disquieting almost trompe l’oeil presence. Her ceramics have been described by Edward Lucie-Smith as ‘metaphysical pots in painted stoneware’.

Her work is in many public collections across the world, including the Museum of Modern Ceramic Art, Gifu, Japan, Kunst Industrie Museet, Copenhagen, Museum of Decorative Art, Montreal and the Victoria & Albert Museum, London.

In 1995 Elizabeth Fritsch was made a Commander of the British Empire and a Senior Fellow at the Royal College of Art.