© Lucian Freud Archive, 2014. All Rights Reserved. Bridgeman Art Library


Lucian Freud (1922 – 2011)


756 x 106 MM
Accession number


Kitty, the daughter of Jacob Epstein and Kathleen Garman, reappears in Lucian Freud’s portraits over the course of five years – clutching a kitten, head under leaves or on the pillow – but from the outset Girl with Roses establishes a scale and ambition that is life-size. She and Freud married in February 1948, and in the same year, Freud spent a whole train journey with Pablo Picasso’s Weeping Woman (1937),(1) taking it down to Brighton for an exhibition. Picasso wrenches the woman’s head apart, as if viewing her from inside out, through her own tears; Freud answers this visual outburst by observing how emo¬tion manifests itself on the outside. Newly pregnant, Kitty sits stiffly, her eyes averted in a dead stare. She clutches a rose, and another lies limp in her lap. A yellow-pink breed, renamed the ‘Peace Rose’ at the end of the war, it is more than the traditional love token and, like the glimmer of Kitty’s teeth, adds a hint of menace. Titian’s fleshy Venus of Urbino (1538)(2) is recast for a cold climate of woollies and rations.

Kitty’s grip on the rose is matched by Freud’s grip on the brush. Lawrence Gowing infers a kind of passive purity in Freud’s early style – the linearity, thin application of paint and cool palette – and applauds its ‘homogenous, even legibility and a sea-washed cleanliness’, yet here the subject’s vitality is picked out with needling precision.(3) From the stray curls across the forehead to the tweezered eyebrows, the reflection of a sash window in each eye, the frayed cane of the chair and the birth¬mark on the raised hand, ultimately the ‘girl’ of the title becomes Kitty in the definite article. Freud explains, ‘I was trying for accuracy of a sort. I didn’t think of it as detail. It was simply, through my concentration, a question of focus. I always felt that detail – where one was conscious of detail – was detrimental.’(4)

Girl with Roses is as much a love portrait of Freud’s painter heroes as of Kitty. It unfolds from the rose at its centre, a nod to the straight¬forward flower paintings of Cedric Morris, under whom Freud studied at the East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing (1939–42). Petals rebound in the pale twist of Kitty’s lips, the bloom of her skirt, and finally the ochre folds in the background, which call to mind Jean Dominique Ingres. Freud admits, ‘You get really excited about an Ingres fold in a curtain because you don’t think that so much can be said in such an incisive and economical way.’(5) Indeed, the ‘Ingres of existentialism’ (Herbert Read’s tag) invokes the great dress of Madame Moitessier (1856)(6) with Kitty’s sweater. Its ribbed neck and cuffs and gently contoured stripes (black stippling was a tip from advertising, to make the green buzz) are defined incisively and economically – an understanding of fabric perhaps aided by a commission to create designs for dress fabrics for Asher (London) Ltd in 1946. In a statement published in Encounter to coincide with his selection for the XXVII Venice Biennale (1954), Freud explains, ‘The effect in space of two different human individuals can be as different as the effect of a candle and an electric light bulb. Therefore the painter must be concerned with the air surrounding his subject as with the subject itself.’(7) So, Kitty is viewed in prickly proximity, a halo of individual hairs reach out from her head, nervy with static.


1. Tate Collection, London.
2. Uffizi, Florence.
3. Lawrence Gowing, Lucian Freud (London: Thames & Hudson, 1982), 81.
4. William Feaver, ‘Beyond Feeling’, Freud in conversation with Feaver, in Lucian Freud, exh. cat. (Sydney: Art Gallery of New South Wales, 1992), 12.
5. Freud quoted in William Feaver, Lucian Freud (New York: Rizzoli, 2007), 321.
6. The National Gallery, London.
7. Lucian Freud, ‘Some thoughts on painting’, Encounter, 3/1 (July 1954), 23–24.

Published in Passports British Council Collection, British Council, London 2009